What type of fuel is used in crazy 1000 HP Formula 1 cars?

Formula 1 is the premium form of motorsport. Being the pinnacle of form, the F1 uses some of the most advanced technology in every aspect possible. Fuel is no exception. However, the fuel used by F1 cars does not differ too much from that of any road car.

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That said, the type of fuel used by F1 cars is not what we typically see at service stations. They are slightly different as these fuels are specifically regulated by the directorates of the FIA, the governing body of motorsport worldwide.

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With new rules and regulations planned from the 2022 F1 season, F1 cars started using biofuels known as E-10 fuel. In the words of F1 technical director Pat Symonds, these fuels are also known as ‘advanced sustainable fuels’.

F1 uses these fuels because they tend to work more for the environmental cause. Burning gasoline or normal gas harms the planet. Consequently, F1’s governing body has issued strict guidelines on what type of fuel to use.

What are biofuels?

According to a report published by Formula 1 in 2019, biofuels are of three generations. The first generation has fuel made primarily from food stock. These crops are specially grown to make fuels. However, this generation of fuels had ethical issues and was not sustainable.

The second generation of biofuels is made from corn husks because it is food waste. In addition, it sometimes uses forest waste or household waste. Finally, third generation biofuels are called e-fuels or synthetic fuels. They are the most advanced form of biofuels.

Speaking of third generation biofuels, Symonds transmittedthey are often called booster fuels because you can put them in any engine, without modification, whereas engines that run on extreme ethanol blends, like those used in Brazil [for road cars]require modification.

What else do we know about F1 fuel?

As mentioned earlier, F1 cars use E-10 fuel, where E stands for ethanol and 10 refers to the percentage in the mixture. With development ongoing, talks are underway to make fuels 100% sustainable. Additionally, the Formula 1 authority believes it has a sustainability strategy that aims for a net-zero carbon footprint by 2030.

Speaking of which, Symonds conveyed in 2019, “The way forward is not entirely clear at the moment, but in partnership with the FIA ​​and with the help of engine manufacturers and oil companies, we are examining the way forward.

Why use fuel instead of going electric?

The world quickly got used to electrification. From cars and bikes to other forms of transportation, electrification has taken over the world. However, F1 does not believe in the same path.

Even though there is Formula E which has electric single-seaters with open wheels, it is not exactly F1. The F1 CTO has revealed why Formula 1 isn’t going electric. In this regard, F1 CTO shared his thoughts on the future of fully sustainable fuel and how F1 can stick to the use of biofuels in an environmentally friendly way.

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In a report published by F1, Pat Symonds said, “What we can do is show the world that there are alternatives to electric power and there are alternatives to storing electricity in heavy batteries and, I have to say, somewhat dirty.”

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Overall, F1 uses specially developed biofuels that are not readily available for purchase on the market.