There is no specific age at which a child should begin learning phonics, although most early childhood educators ensure that children are ready to begin this developmental stage in their first year. school, between three and five years old, because at that time, children are able to identify all the alphabets, numbers and their sounds.
Phonics lessons are used to educate children on how to read and write an alphabetic language independently and are done by demonstrating the relationship between the sounds of spoken language, letters, groups of letters and syllables of this written language.
A successful phonics program teaches children to both listen carefully and identify the small units of sounds (or phonemes) that make up a word so that they spell and identify the different sounds produced by each letter of the alphabet and mix them to read a full word. word.
The child is made aware of the different sounds around him. This builds their listening and accurate speaking skills, making them verbally proficient in the chosen language of instruction so they can easily access the program, socialize and understand all instruction and teaching. ‘educator.
The next step is to break the words down into different sounds where they begin to identify that these words are not made up of a single sound.
The phonics teacher uses the child’s memory to teach words that are not phonetically decodable using rote learning methods such as flashcards and memory games.
The child is assessed at every stage so that the nursery can decide where they are in their learning journey and what they need next. Once a child has demonstrated confident skills in the above steps, they are ready to develop their phonological awareness and knowledge of the English alphabet, which means they are ready for more focused day-to-day learning.
The author is the CEO and Founder of British Orchard Nursery